In This Section
A virus is an infectious agent that invades and takes over cells within our bodies and cause disease and illness. There are many forms of viral infections that can be passed from one person to another – measles, mumps, influenza, chickenpox etc. Some viral infections are classed as STIs because this is the way they are mainly contracted.
Viral infections that can be sexually transmitted include:
If diagnosed early enough, most viral STIs can be effectively managed with the right treatment but for some viruses (e.g. HIV) this can mean a lifelong treatment regime. Other viral STIs may respond to a single course of treatment (e.g. the warts virus and herpes) but may also require monitoring and further treatment if they reappear.
You can get free and confidential advice and information about sexually transmitted infections from your local GP, Nurse or from Sexual Health Sheffield’s STI Screening and Treatment Service.
If used correctly and consistently, condoms can help prevent against transmission of all viral STIs and are the most effective barrier to prevent HIV infection – find out more on our Condom User Guide page.
Preventing STIsSexually Transmitted Infections (STIs) can be passed on through any type of sex including vaginal…
Getting checked for STIsThere are many different types of STIs as well as a host of other infections…
Parasitic InfectionsA parasite is an animal or plant that lives in or on a host (another…
Fungal InfectionsSome fungal infections can develop in the genital area. The most common of these is…
Bacterial infectionsBacteria are very small single-celled life forms that live in and around us and can…
Viral infectionsViral Infections A virus is an infectious agent that invades and takes over cells within…